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(reminder: all quotes here are fiddled, probably.)

historical criticism


preassumptions behind historical criticism
dale martin

1. looking for the human author's intention

2. looking for the meaning to the original readers

3. modern historical consciousness
- the ancient world is just not like our world
- the ancient meaning of the original language and the knowledge of the historical context is important for the interpretation

4. don't interpret the Bible canonically
- each individual document must be studied in its own right and for its own content
- include non-canonical materials

5. source analysis

6. questioning of the authenticity of authorship

7. avoidance of anachronism
- don't think back into the ancient text something that actually arose later

8. avoidance of eisegesis
(eisegesis = reading into the text something that's not in the text)

9. consciousness to the gap between the world of the Bible and our world

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