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甘陽 莎劇課書目


莎士比亞的英國歷史劇: 神意、政治與歷史書寫

2005-2006 (Term 1)
HIS 3259: Western Historiographical Tradition:

Shakespeare's English History Plays:
Providence, Politics and Historiography

莎士比亞的英國歷史劇: 神意、政治與歷史書寫

Lecturer: Gan Yang (甘陽)
Tutor: Mr. Xie Maosong
Venue: Esther Lee Building LT4
Time: Saturdays: 10:30-12:15 am
Language of Instruction: P/E

Course Content

Written at the end of the 16th century, Shakespeare's dramatic representation of English history is poised on the cusp between the older and newer conceptions of history. The older approach to history was guided by the providential theory of history, a Christian conception going back to Augustine, in which human history is nothing but episodes in the unfolding of God's plan, and the destinies of men and nations are the working of divine retributive justice. The providential view of history is associated with the medieval political theory of the divine right of kings, which holds that the king is God's representation on earth and the king is accountable only to God and not to men.

By contrast, the new approach to history came from its concern for causes construed not in terms of cosmic history and divine justice but in terms of the characters of men and the nature of polity, it thus explains history in Machiavellian terms of force, fortune, and practical politics. Shakespeare's English history plays, however, seemed to privilege neither Providential nor Machiavellian views of historical causation. Rather, by exploring the theatrical potential of rival theories of history, Shakespeare had dramatic characters speak and act from differing and opposing views of history and politics.

This course offers an overview of Shakespeare's eight English history plays in the order of their composition: Henry VI (Parts 1, 2 and 3), Richard III, Richard II, Henry IV (Parts 1 and 2), and Henry V. In their totality, these eight plays dramatize a polyphonic history of a nation in crisis and on trial.

Assessment:
1. Tutorials (One group presentation [C/P/E] with 500-words group report [Eng/Ch]) 20%
2. Mid-term Paper (about 2000 words [Eng/Ch]; due on 29 October): 30%
3. Final Paper (about 3000 words on topic different from the mid-term paper, [Eng/Ch]; due on 17 December): 50%.

Lecture Arrangement
(10 September- 3 December, 2005)

1. Introduction: Shakespeare and Renaissance England (10 September)

Recommended Readings:
Peter Saccio, `History and History Plays,' in his Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (2nd Ed, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 3-15
F. J. Levy, Tudor Historical Thought (The Huntington Library, 1967),
pp. 202-285.
John Guy, Tudor England (Oxford University Press, 1988), pp.352-458.
Susan Brigden, New Worlds, Lost Worlds: The Rule of the Tudor, 1485-1603 (Viking Penguin, 2000), pp. 213-367.
E. M. W. Tillyard, `The Cosmic Background,' in his Shakespeare's History Plays (Penguin Books, 1944), pp. 3-20.
Stephen Greenblatt, Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare (The University of Chicago Press, 1980), pp. 1-9; pp. 157-175.
Felix Raab, `Machiavelli's Reception in Tudor England,' in his The English Face of Machiavelli: A Changing Interpretation, 1500-1700 (London: Routledge, 1964), pp. 30-76.


2. The Weak King and the Loss of Empire (17 September)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利六世上篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三),北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.467-564

Recommended Readings:
Michael Taylor, ed. Henry VI, Part One (The Oxford Shakespeare, 2003)
Peter Saccio, Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (2nd Ed, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 91-113.
Gabriele Bernard Jackson, `Topical Ideology: Witches, Amazons, and Shakespeare's Joan of Arc,' in Shakespeare and Gender: A History, ed. Ivo Kamps and Deborah Barker (London: Verso, 1995), pp. 142-167.


3. The Breakdown of Central Authority: Civil War and Popular Uprising (24 September)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利六世中篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三),北京人民文學出版社,1994,pp.567-683

Recommended Readings:
Roger Warren, ed. Henry VI, Part Two (The Oxford Shakespeare, 2002)
Stephen Greenblatt, `Murdering Peasants: Status, Genre, and the Representation of Rebellion, 'in Representing the English Renaissance, ed. Stephen Greenblatt (University of California Press, 1988), pp. 1-29.


4. Complete Anarchy: A Ritual of Blood (8 October)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利六世下篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三),北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.687-795,

Recommended Readings:
Randall Martin, ed. Henry VI, Part Three (The Oxford Shakespeare, 2001)
Naomi C. Liebler and Lisa Scancella Shea, `Shakespeare's Queen Margaret: Unruly or Unruled?' in Henry VI: Critical Essays, ed. Thomas A. Pendleton (Routledge, 2001), pp. 79-96
Patricia Lennox, `Henry VI: A Television History in Four Parts,' in Henry VI: Critical Essays, ed. Thomas A. Pendleton (Routledge, 2001), pp.235-252.


5. `I Have No Brother': Richard III and Perverse Individualism
(15 October)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:理查三世,《莎士比亞全集》(四)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.1-128.

Recommended Readings:
Richard Loncraine's Film of Richard III (1995)
John Jowett, ed. Richard III (The Oxford Shakespeare, 2000)
Peter Saccio, Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (Second Edition, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 157-186
Marjorie Garber, `Descanting on Deforming: Richard III and the Shape of History,' in her Shakespeare's Ghost Writing: Literature as Uncanny Causality (London: Methuen, 1987), pp. 28-51


6. The Politics of Legitimacy: God's Deputy vs. Usurper (22 October)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:理查二世,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.1-102

Recommended Readings:
Andrew Gurr, ed. King Richard II (New Cambridge Shakespeare, 2003)
Peter Saccio, Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (Second Edition, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 17-35.
Ernest Kantorowicz, The King's Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology (Princeton University Press, 1957), pp. 7-41
Allan Bloom, `Richard II,' in his Giants and Dwarfs (Simon & Schuster 1990), pp. 83-93


7. The New Order and the Political Instability (29 October)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利四世上篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,103-214

Recommended Readings:
David Bevington, ed. Henry IV, Part 1 (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1987)
Peter Saccio, Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (Second Edition, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 37-63.
Stephen Greenblatt, `Invisible Bullets: Renaissance Authority and Its Subversion, Henry IV and Henry V,' in Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed. Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, (Cornell University Press, 1994, 2nd ed) , pp. 18-47.


8. The Carnival-Grotesque Body: Falstaff (5 November)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利四世上篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,103-214
莎士比亞:亨利四世下篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.215-335

Recommended Readings:
Rene Weis, ed. Henry IV, Part 2 (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1997)
A. C. Bradley, `The Rejection of Falstaff', in his Oxford Lectures on Poetry (London, 1909), pp. 247-275.
Harold Bloom, `Henry IV,' in his Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human (London, 1998). Pp. 271-314.



9. The Education of A New Prince (12 November)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利四世上篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,103-214
莎士比亞:亨利四世下篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.215-335

Recommended Readings:
Rene Weis, ed. Henry IV, Part 2 (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1997)
Allan Bloom, `Hal and Falstaff, Montaigne and La Boetie,' in his Love and Friendship (Simon & Schuster 1993), pp. 399-428.
Valerie Traub, `Prince Hal's Falstaff: Positioning Psychoanalysis and the Female Reproductive Body (Henry IV, parts 1 and 2, Henry V),'in her Desire and Anxiety: Circulations of Sexuality in Shakespearean Drama (Routledge, 1992). Pp. 50-70.



10. A Perfect Machiavellian King (19 November)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利四世下篇,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.215-335
莎士比亞:亨利五世,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994,pp.337-465

Recommended Readings:
Gary Taylor, ed. Henry V (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1982)
Sigurd Burckhardt, Shakespearean Meanings (Princeton University. Press, 1968), pp. 144-205.
Paola Pugliatti, `Time, Space and the Instability of History in the Henry IV Sequence,' in her Shakespeare the Historian (Macmillan Press 1996), pp. 137-153.


11. `We Band of Brothers': A New Political Nation and the Restoration of Empire (26 November)

Required Readings:
莎士比亞:亨利五世,《莎士比亞全集》(三)北京,人民文學出版社,1994, pp.337-465.

Recommended Readings:
Laurence Olivier's Film Henry V (1944)
Kenneth Branagh's Film Henry V (1989)
Peter Saccio, Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (2nd Ed, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 65-90.
Norman Rabkin, `Rabbits, Ducks, and Henry V,' in Shakespeare Quarterly, 28: 3 (1977): 279-296.
Gunter Walch, `Henry V as Working-House of Ideology,' in Shakespeare Survey 40 (1988), reprinted in Shakespeare and Politics, ed. by Catherine M.S. Alexander (Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 198-205.



12. Shakespeare Myth and English Nationalism (3 December)

Recommended Readings:
John Drakakis, `Theatre, Ideology and Institution: Shakespeare and the Roadsweepers,' in The Shakespeare Myth, ed. by Graham Holderness (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1988), pp. 24-41
Alan Sinfield, `Royal Shakespeare: Theatre and the Making of Ideology,' in Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed. Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, (Cornell University Press, 1994, 2nd ed) , pp. 182-205..
Jonathan Dollimore, "Shakespeare, Cultural Materialism and the New Historicism," in Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed. Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, (Cornell University Press, 1994, 2nd ed) , pp. 2-17.
Graham Holderness, `Shakespeare's England, Britain's Shakespeare,' in Shakespeare and National Culture, ed. by John Joughin (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1997), pp. 19-41.


莎士比亞與政治哲學

清華大學課程(2006年春)
莎士比亞與政治哲學

時 間: 週三晚19:20-21:45
地 點: 第六教學樓A407
考 試: 期末開卷作文

課程內容:
本課程從政治哲學的角度閱讀莎士比亞的英國政治劇,同時從莎士比亞的政治劇討論英國政治傳統與西方現代性的問題。授課方式將集中閱讀莎士比亞的四個英國政治劇:《理查二世》,《亨利四世上篇》、《亨利四世下篇》、以及《亨利五世》。

授課安排:
第一講(3月8日): 概論: 莎士比亞與英國政治傳統
第二講(3月15日):〔理查二世〕:基督教禮儀政治:上帝,國王,騎士
第三講(3月22日):〔理查二世〕:馬基雅維利與現代性
第四講(3月29日):〔亨利四世上篇〕:秩序與反秩序
第五講(4月5日): 〔亨利四世上篇〕:亂世中的王子
第六講(4月12日):〔亨利四世下篇〕:狂歡的肉體與法律的規訓
第七講(4月19日):〔亨利五世〕:公民政治,公民宗教,與戰爭
第八講(4月26日):〔亨利五世〕:現代政治與現代人

導修討論課安排:共四次(自行選擇星期四或星期五晚上):
第一次:3月23日,或24日,晚7-9點:討論〔理查二世〕
第二次:4月6日, 或7日, 晚7-9點:討論〔亨利四世上篇〕
第三次:4月13日,或14日,晚7-9點:討論〔亨利四世下篇〕
第四次:4月20日,或21日,晚7-9點:討論〔亨利五世〕

考評方式:
導修討論課: 40%
期末開卷作文: 60%
閱讀材料:
閱讀材料分為``必讀''和``參考閱讀''兩部分。``參考閱讀''書目主要供學生自由選讀,不要求必讀。但其中有些材料可能指定為課上討論而要求閱讀。

一,導論(3月8日)
必讀:
蒙田:〔隨筆〕上卷,第23章(121-37頁)
馬基雅維利:〔論李維〕,114-15,309-12頁。

參考閱讀:

A. 英國歷史和傳統:
Herbert Butterfield, ``The Englishman's Alliance with his History,'' in The Englishman and His History (Cambridge 1944) pp. 4-11.
Walter Bagehot, The English Constitution (Cornell paperbacks 1966) pp. 59-66 (中譯參商務版,〔英國憲法〕 54-63頁).
Edward Shils, ``The Meaning of the Coronation,'' in his Center and Periphery (The University of Chicago 1975) pp. 135-152
塗爾幹,〔宗教生活的基本形式〕,渠東譯,頁42-48,562-64.
Peter Saccio, Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama (Second edition, Oxford University Press 2000), pp. 1-89.
Frank Kermode, The Age of Shakespeare (London 2004)

B. 莎士比亞與政治:
Allan Bloom, ``Political Philosophy and Poetry,'' in his Shakespeare's Politics (Basic Books, 1964), pp.1-12. 中譯?
Stephen Greenblatt, Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare (the University of Chicago Press, 1980) pp. 1-11.
Walter Cohen, ``Political Criticism of Shakespeare,'' in Shakespeare Reproduced : the Text in History and Ideology, ed. By Jean E. Howard and Marion F. O'Connor (Methuen 1987) pp. 18-46
Don E. Wayne, ``Power, Politics, and the Shakespearean Text: Recent Criticism in England and the United States, in Shakespeare Reproduced: the Text in History and Ideology, ed. by Jean E. Howard and Marion F. O'Connor (Methuen 1987) pp. 47-67.
Jonathan Dollimore, "Shakespeare, Cultural Materialism and the New Historicism," in Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed. Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, (Cornell University Press, 1994, 2nd ed) , pp. 2-17.
Alan Sinfield, ``Royal Shakespeare: Theatre and the Making of Ideology,'' in Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed. Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, (Cornell University Press, 1994, 2nd ed) , pp. 182-205.
Blair Worden, ``Shakespeare and Politics,'' Shakespeare Survey 44 (1992), reprinted in Shakespeare and Politics, ed. by Catherine Alexander (Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 22-43.

二,〔理查二世〕(3月15日,3月22日)

必 讀:
〔理查二世〕,方平主編《新莎士比亞全集》第7卷
基督教聖經:``舊約:創世紀''第3-4章;``新約:羅馬書''第13章;``新約:彼得前書''第2-3章。
馬基雅維利:〔論李維〕205-16頁。

參考閱讀:
莎劇注釋本:
Andrew Gurr, ed. King Richard II (New Cambridge Shakespeare, 2003)
Charles R. Forker, ed., King Richard II (Arden Shakespeare, 2002)
其他:
馬基雅維利,〔君主論〕第14章-26章。
英國文獻:An Homilie Against Disobedience and Willfull Rebellion
Ernest Kantorowicz, The King's Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Ideology (Princeton University Press, 1957), pp. 7-41.
E. M. W. Tillyard, Shakespeare's History Plays (Penguin Books, 1944), pp. 234-63.
M.M. Reese, The Cease of Majesty (London, Edward Arnold publishers , 1961) pp. 89-119, 225-59.
Allan Bloom, ``Richard II,'' in his Giants and Dwarfs (Simon & Schuster 1990), pp. 83-93;also in Shakespeare as Political Thinker, ed. by John Alvis and Thomas West (ISI books, 2nd ed, 2000), pp. 59-70.
Jean Howard and Phyllis Rackin, Engendering A Nation: A Feminist Account of Shakespeare's English Histories (Routledge 1997) pp. 137-59.
Michael Hattaway, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare's History Plays (Cambridge University Press, 2002). Pp.141-56.
Felix Raab, ``Machiavelli's Reception in Tudor England,'' in his The English Face of Machiavelli: A Changing Interpretation, 1500-1700 (London 1964), pp. 30-76.


三,〔亨利四世〕上篇和下篇(3月29,4月5日,4月12日)

必讀:
〔亨利四世〕上篇,下篇, 方平主編《新莎士比亞全集》第7卷
Max Weber, ``Discipline and Charisma,'' in his Economy and Society (The University of California Press 1978) pp. 1148-56 (中譯參臺灣版,韋伯,{支配社會學},346-57頁.
福柯,{規訓與懲罰},三聯,153-68;244-55頁
丹尼爾.貝爾,{資本主義文化矛盾},三聯,49-76頁

參考閱讀:
莎劇注釋本:
David Bevington, ed. Henry IV, Part 1 (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1987)
Rene Weis, ed. Henry IV, Part 2 (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1997)
Barbara Hodgdon, ed. The First Part of King Henry Fourth: Texts and Contexts (Bedford/St. Martin 1997).

A. C. Bradley, ``The Rejection of Falstaff''(1902)in his Oxford Lectures on Poetry (London 1909), pp. 147-75.
J. Dover Wilson, The Fortunes of Falstaff (Cambridge 1943), pp. 1-35
E. M. W. Tillyard, Shakespeare's History Plays (Penguin Books, 1944), pp. 264-304.
Harold C. Goddard, The Meaning of Shakespeare (The University of Chicago Press 1951), vol 1, pp161-214
C. L. Barber, ``Rule and Misrule in Henry IV,'' in Shakespeare's Festive Comedy (Princeton University Press 1959) pp. 192-221.
Stephen Greenblatt, ``Invisible Bullets: Renaissance Authority and Its Subversion, Henry IV and Henry V,'' in Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed. Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, (Cornell University Press, 1994, 2nd ed) , pp. 18-47.
Allan Bloom, ``Hal and Falstaff, Montaigne and La Boetie,'' in his Love and Friendship (Simon & Schuster 1993), pp. 399-428.


四,〔亨利五世〕(4月19日,4月26日)

必讀:
〔亨利五世〕,方平主編《新莎士比亞全集》第7卷
Weber, ``Power Prestige and the Great Powers,'' Economy and Society, 910-12
韋伯:``以政治為業''
馬爾庫塞,[單向度的人]
參考閱讀:
莎劇注釋本:
Gary Taylor, ed. Henry V (The Oxford Shakespeare, 1982)
M.M. Reese, The Cease of Majesty (London, Edward Arnold publishers , 1961) pp. 317-32.
Norman Rabkin, ``Rabbits, Ducks, and Henry V,'' in Shakespeare Quarterly, 28: 3 (1977): 279-296.
David Scott Kastan, ``'The King is a Good King, but it must be as it may': History, Heroism, and Henry V,'' in his Shakespeare and the Shape of Time (University Press of New England 1982) pp. 56-76.
Vickie Sullivan, ``Princes to Act: Henry V as the Machiavellian Prince of Appearance,'' in Shakespeare's Political Pageant, ed. by Joseph Alulis and Vickie Sullivan (Rowman & Littlefield publishers, Inc 1996) pp. 125-152.
Tim Spiekerman, ``King Henry V,'' in his Shakespeare's Political Realism (State University of New York Press 2002) pp. 125-152.
吉登斯:〔民族-國家與暴力〕,第四章
克利福德. 格爾茨:〔文化的解釋〕第9-10章

2 Comments:

:: Anonymous Anonym (07.01.08, 21:43   ) sagt...

請問先生,今學期中大歷史課有哪些是值得一聽/萬勿錯過的呢?
謝謝!

passer-by



:: Blogger sf (08.01.08, 15:12   ) sagt...

鄧聰, 上古科技: 玉器石器

timetable
http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/his/beta/docs/tt_2nd.pdf

course details
http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/his/beta/c0708_2nd.htm



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